What is the Conflux Network? 

Paul Sazan
| Editor:
December 2, 2023
9 min read

Understanding Conflux's Basics

For those seeking to understand the principles and origins of Conflux, a blockchain platform that fosters connectivity between creators, communities, and markets across borders and protocols, this section provides a comprehensive overview.

Conflux's Origins and Development

The Conflux Network was established in 2018, based on the revolutionary Tree-Graph consensus algorithm developed in the research lab of Turing Award recipient Prof. Andrew Yao. Since its inception, Conflux has made significant strides in fostering a decentralized infrastructure for digital currencies.

In 2020, Conflux further solidified its commitment to research and innovation by establishing the Tree-Graph Research Institute in partnership with the government of Shanghai. Additionally, it also set up the Key Laboratory of Blockchain Infrastructure & Applications with the government of Hunan.


Throughout its development, Conflux has positioned itself as respected advocates of public blockchain infrastructure in China, carving out an influential role in the digital currency landscape.

The Conflux Network Vision

At its core, the Conflux Network aims to address the scalability trilemma, a challenge within the blockchain sphere that pertains to achieving scalability, security, and decentralization simultaneously.

By providing a layer-1 blockchain protocol that balances these three crucial elements, Conflux seeks to revolutionize the way creators, communities, and markets interact, fostering seamless and efficient connectivity across various protocols.

Key Features of Conflux

Understanding the key features of Conflux, the blockchain network designed to address scalability and security challenges, is crucial for anyone interested in the world of cryptocurrency.

Unique Consensus Mechanism


One of the defining features of Conflux is its unique consensus mechanism known as the Tree-Graph. This mechanism combines the advantages of Proof-of-Work (PoW) and Proof-of-Stake (PoS) algorithms, which allows for parallel processing of blocks and transactions, resulting in lower confirmation times and higher throughput.

The technical architecture of Conflux, including its Tree-Graph consensus algorithm and layered architecture, allows for the simultaneous generation of multiple blocks, thereby enhancing network throughput and supporting smart contracts written in multiple programming languages.

The Tree-Graph consensus mechanism consists of two types of blocks: pivot blocks and non-pivot blocks. Pivot blocks form a chain that represents the main consensus of the network, while non-pivot blocks are branches that contain transactions not yet confirmed by the pivot chain.

Scalability and Speed

Scalability and speed are other crucial features of the Conflux Network. Conflux is able to process around 4,000 transactions per second, making it one of the fastest blockchain platforms available.

Unlike traditional blockchain networks that can only generate one block at a time, Conflux's innovative consensus mechanism allows for the simultaneous generation of multiple blocks. This enhances the network's throughput, enabling high-speed transactions while maintaining security.

Security and Decentralization

In addition to its scalability and speed, Conflux Network also prioritizes security and decentralization. The platform is designed to prevent double-spending attacks, a common issue in digital currencies. Furthermore, Conflux maintains a distributed network of nodes, ensuring that no single entity can control the entire network.

Understanding these key features is a critical step in answering 'what is conflux'. By offering a unique consensus mechanism, fast transaction processing, and a secure and decentralized network, Conflux represents a promising innovation in the blockchain space. For comparison, consider exploring other platforms like IOTA or Algorand.

The Role of CFX Tokens

In the Conflux network, the native cryptocurrency known as CFX plays a pivotal role. From paying for transaction fees to participating in staking and network governance, the CFX token is an integral part of the system's operations.

CFX for Transactions and Fees

Primarily, the CFX token serves as the fuel for transactions and the payment for fees within the Conflux network. It operates as a unit of value and a medium of exchange, streamlining transactions and interactions on the platform. By using CFX for transactions and fees, the process remains efficient and consistent across the network.

For a more comprehensive understanding of how CFX tokens work in transactions and the fees they cover, consider looking into other cryptocurrencies and how they function. For example, you can learn about what is iota, what is wrapped bitcoin, what is curve dao, and what is algorand.

Staking with CFX

In addition to facilitating transactions, CFX tokens provide staking opportunities for users to earn rewards. Staking with CFX contributes to the security and decentralization of the network. Users who stake their tokens help in maintaining the network's proof-of-stake consensus mechanism and, in return, earn additional rewards in CFX tokens.


The total supply of CFX tokens stands at 5.3 billion, with allocations made for various stakeholders, including private investors, community fund, ecosystem fund, and the team. By staking these tokens, individuals can enhance their contribution to the network while also benefiting from it.

The role of CFX tokens in the Conflux network is a testament to the dynamic nature of cryptocurrencies in blockchain technology. Whether it's facilitating transactions, paying fees, or providing staking opportunities, CFX tokens ensure the seamless operation of the Conflux network. Understanding the role of these tokens is a vital part of grasping the broader question of 'what is Conflux.'

Conflux's Unique Innovations


In the realm of blockchain technologies, Conflux stands out due to its unique innovations, particularly the development of the Tree-Graph Research Institute and its hybrid consensus algorithm.

Tree-Graph Research Institute

Founded in 2018, the Conflux Network is based on the breakthrough Tree-Graph consensus algorithm developed in the research lab of Turing Award recipient Prof. Andrew Yao. To further advance the development of the underlying infrastructure of the Conflux public blockchain, the Tree-Graph Research Institute was established in 2020. This was done in partnership with the government of Shanghai and the Key Laboratory of Blockchain Infrastructure & Applications with the government of Hunan.

The Tree-Graph Research Institute plays a pivotal role in pushing the boundaries of blockchain technology and advancing the Conflux Network's mission to create a seamless and scalable blockchain network.

Hybrid PoW+PoS Consensus Algorithm

One of the key innovations of Conflux is its unique consensus mechanism, which combines a proof-of-work (PoW) algorithm with a proof-of-stake (PoS) structure. This hybrid PoW+PoS consensus algorithm allows for high throughput and low latency, with the network capable of processing up to 3,000 transactions per second.

The mainnet launch of Conflux Network took place in October 2020, and since then, there have been significant advancements, including the introduction of this hybrid consensus algorithm and the PoS staking mechanism. This has not only strengthened the network's security but also reduced the risk of 51% attacks.

In summary, Conflux's unique innovations, particularly the establishment of the Tree-Graph Research Institute and the implementation of a hybrid PoW+PoS consensus algorithm, have positioned it as a leading blockchain platform. These innovations have significant implications for the scalability, security, and decentralization of the network, making Conflux an attractive option for those interested in the world of cryptocurrency and blockchain technologies. To learn more about different blockchain technologies, you can read about IOTA, Wrapped Bitcoin, Curve DAO, and Algorand.

Conflux and Ethereum Compatibility

One of the key aspects of Conflux that sets it apart from other blockchain networks is its compatibility with Ethereum. This includes Solidity and EVM compatibility, along with several benefits for developers.

Solidity and EVM Compatibility


The Conflux Network supports smart contracts written in Solidity, the same programming language used by Ethereum. Additionally, it is compatible with the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM). This compatibility means that developers familiar with Ethereum can easily transition to building on Conflux without needing to learn a new programming language or development environment.

Moreover, Conflux Network prioritizes Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) compatibility, offering support for Ethereum tooling, maintaining identical hex addresses, and ensuring API compatibility with EVM chains. This compatibility is further solidified with the introduction of Conflux eSpace, a component of the Conflux network designed to facilitate the integration of existing Ethereum dApps.

Advantages for Developers

The compatibility with Ethereum carries several advantages for developers. Firstly, it removes barriers to entry for developers already familiar with Ethereum's infrastructure, allowing them to leverage their existing skills and tools.

Secondly, it simplifies the process of porting existing Ethereum dApps to the Conflux Network, opening up new possibilities for scalability and interoperability. Lastly, it fosters a sense of familiarity and continuity, making the Conflux Network an attractive choice for developers looking for a scalable, secure, and interoperable blockchain platform.

As you delve into the world of cryptocurrencies and blockchain technologies, it is important to understand the different networks and their unique features. If you want to learn more about other cryptocurrencies and blockchain technologies, check out what is iota, what is wrapped bitcoin, what is curve dao, and what is algorand.

Real-World Applications of Conflux

Understanding the real-world applications of Conflux can help to clarify what Conflux is and how it contributes to the evolving blockchain landscape. From partnerships and integrations to dApps developed within the Conflux Network, these applications reflect the potential and versatility of this unique blockchain network.

Partnerships and Integrations


Conflux, being the only regulatory-compliant public blockchain in China, has positioned itself as an attractive choice for projects aiming to develop and expand in Asia. It has established collaborations with renowned brands and government entities like McDonald's China, Oreo, and the city of Shanghai.

Furthermore, Conflux Network has formed partnerships and integrations with established companies such as China Telecom and XCMG. Specifically, China Telecom is co-developing a blockchain-based SIM card with Conflux, and XCMG has selected Conflux as the network for its Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) and future blockchain applications.

These partnerships indicate the increasing acceptance and application of Conflux in a variety of industries, demonstrating its potential to drive blockchain adoption on a wider scale.

dApps on Conflux Network

The development space on Conflux Network, known as Conflux eSpace, has seen the launch of innovative decentralized applications (dApps). One of the first dApps introduced is Swappi, an Automated Market Maker (AMM) Decentralized Exchange (DEX) featuring a launchpad. Swappi offers straightforward swaps with minimal slippage, a lottery system, and more.

Conflux eSpace has also introduced other DeFi platforms, including:

  • Nucleon: A liquid staking solution that allows users to stake CFX tokens without asset locking or complex infrastructure securing.
  • Goledo: A lending protocol where users can participate as depositors or borrowers.

These dApps underscore the practical utility of the Conflux Network and its potential to foster innovation in the blockchain space. They not only provide users with new opportunities for interaction and engagement but also demonstrate how Conflux can be utilized to create efficient and user-friendly blockchain-based solutions.

As Conflux continues to grow and evolve, it's likely that we will see more partnerships, integrations, and dApps that leverage the unique features and capabilities of this innovative blockchain network. It's an exciting time to be part of the blockchain community, and Conflux is undoubtedly contributing to this momentum.

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